Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra are the four clans based on merit, caste turns in each clan who have adopted different clan professions, sub-castes in caste who have adopted various professions as clan profession, sub-castes for sub-caste and so on.
What are the 5 caste levels?
According to our research, there are 4 Caste levels in India, You could see information below
A society scattered with many oral caste names. Those who have been doing any profession as a family tradition since ancient times, later that profession itself emerging as a caste name. With the advent of mechanization, we can see that some of the clan occupations have been alienated, and as the occupation has become a caste, they are known by the same name even today.
E.g. The clan occupation of Chakala Nayars is to grind oil in chakku, this profession became alien when machines came. The clan occupation of the Valan section is cutting wood, which also disappeared with the advent of machinery. The clan profession of the Ezhutassan sect was teaching, and today this profession also does not exist.
So many clan jobs have gone away. Weaponry and medicine were the same in all castes from Brahmins to Shudras, so it was not considered a clan occupation.
For the knowledge of the new generation, they share those old clan occupations and the caste names and position names by which they are known.
(Brahmin – Priesthood
Kshatriya – Monarchy
Vaishya – trade
What are the jobs in the caste system?
1) Mutthath – Temple cleaners and festival bearers (a section of them are also known as Phudhuwal).
2) Ilayath–bearers of the Shudra priesthood.
3) Mussath – Those who perform puja in Kali temple with liquor and meat.
4) Moos / Musat – Sub-Brahmin sect of traditional healers.
5) Pidaran – Those who cast off black magic from the clan.(Snake holders are also known as Pitaran).
6) Theyattunni- Those who perform fire in the presence of the temple. The practice of the Pitarans is followed.
7 ) Nambiyatiri/Walnambi / Nambiyatiri- Armed Sub-Brahmins.
8 ) Pisharadi – the breadwinners of the temple.
9 ) Gurukkal- Teaching in the beginning, then temple cleaning, taking the shiveli idol on the head for the festival.
10) Adikal- Those who perform Ugra Puja in Bhadra Kalikavas.
11 ) Pushpaka Unni – Those who prepare flowers for temple pooja.
12 ) Natupattar – Malakett, closed and tied.
13 ) Kuttipattar – kitchen workers in Brahmin and Kshatriya households.
14) Chakyar – Those who make up their own songs and recite Pathakam, those who hold gatherings in the temple.
15) Nambiar – Those who blow mizhavu while performing Chakyarkooth, there are landlord also,
16) Warryar – Performs temple kitchen works and performs funeral rites
17 ) Marar – Five types of musical instruments are handled, (chenda, karunkuzhal, thimila, idakka, dhamanam), a section of Marar Brahmins perform pulakuli urga.
18 ) Ulumban – Those who give milk and ghee in temples
19 ) Menoki – Writing in the temple
20) Patala Menon – who writes accounts of nobles
21 ) Ganaka /Kaniyan /Kanishan – Practitioners of astrology, tie the thatched roof to the temple.
22) Ezhutassan/Ezhuthachan/Ezhuthasan – School teachers,
23) Marashari / Mariaachari / Carpenter – Carvers in wood, carpentry, and Vastu Shastra are traditionally temple founders.
24) Kallashari / Kalthachan – Builders in Kerala using cut stone (red stone)
25) Thattan / Kamsala / Ponnashari _ Traditional Goldsmiths
26) Kollan/ Blacksmith/ Karmachari – Ironworkers
27) Mushari / Kannan – Bronze sculptors
28) Kalshilpi / Shilpachari – Carvers in granite
29) Tacher / Swordsman – Those whose clan occupation is wood cutting and lumbering (not Vishwakarma category).
30 ) Kancharan -Brass making
31 ) Odai – Steelmaking
32) Eerchakollan – The lumberjacks
33 ) Kalladi – stone cutters
34) Nat Kallan – Carvers of Ammi and Ural
35 ) Wilkurup / Villashan – Makers of bows and arrows, teachers of archery
36 ) Kalarikurup / Kalaripanikar -Astrologers
37) Tholkurup – Makers of musical instruments like chenda, mridyangam etc
38) Kallatkurup / Pudusherry Kurup – Performers of kalamezhuthu songs in the temple, also have the right to temple instruments.
39) Varanat Kurup – Those who perform Kalampaat and Mudiyet in the temple
40) Nairkurup – Fort/palace guards
41) Kiryat Nair – Prime Minister of Kings, Chief of Army Staff (also known as Moopil Nair)
42) Illat Nair – Maids in Brahmin households
43) Sworoopathil nair – Attendants in Kshatriya households
44) Kaimal Nair – Holders of power, Pramani
45 ) Karta Nair – Edaprabhu, Landlord
46) Menoki Nair – Steward
47 ) Panicker Nair – Kalaripayat expert
48) Manavalan Nair / Maniyan Nair – Spinning, Cow Husbandry (now doing stonework)
49) Idacheri Nair – Cow husbandry
50 ) Pallichan Nair – Palanquin bearers
51) Padamangalathu Nair – Those who escort Thidambu
52 ) Vattakkat Nair – Those who give oil to the temple
53) Chakala Nair – oil spinners
54) Kulala Nair / Antur Nair – Makers of pottery to temple, Brahmin household
55) Velutedath Nair – Cloth washers
56) Valakithala Nair – Kshurakavritti (Haircutters)
57) Chemb Koti Nair – Makers of Chembola
58) Odathu Nair – Makers of Oat
59) Athikurushinayir – who officiates at funerals
60) Valachi Nair – Those who earn their livelihood by fishing in rivers and backwaters.
61) Chaliya / Shalia -Weaving cloth
62 ) Vellalar – Paddy transplanting and irrigation
63) Gowdar / Shepherds / Kolar – Goat herdsmen
64) Potter / Kumbharan / Kummara / Kudumbi / Velan / Udaiyar_ Pottery making
65) Madika-Leather Workers
66) Vannan / Peruvannan – Those who tie the tema of heroes, heroines, and deities, wearing extra ornaments, (Peruvannan position name)
67) Malayan / Panikkar – One who carries the teapot of the Gods, wears a kuruthola, (Panikar position name).
68) Thuluvelan – Chamundi Theyam players
69) Malanat Velan – performs some Theiyakolams , have names like Anjutan and Munnutan.
70 ) Kopalan/Nalkattaya – Panchurulitheyyam performers, Panchi means pig in Tulu language, ( Varahi theyyam, Kantara’ movie is example )
71) Velan/Mannan – cloth laundry clan occupation, They perform kalampatt and vadyam in Ezhavas Muthappan/Kuttichathan kavu .
72) Panan – Barbering and tying of straw Oolakkuda for lower-castes
73) Kavarar – Those who make basket
74) Valluvar – Cal fishing, and the making of Neetu Kakka, Lime / Lime making
75) Ezhava / Thiya- Coconut cutting and selling of coconut are clan occupations, they also farmed on leased land.
Chekavar – Thiyan, a weapon expert, has a position name of ‘Chekavar’.
76) Nadar / Channar – Panangkallchet and sale, doing agriculture work in Kerala
77) Thandan – coconut climber
78) Kavuthiya/ Ezhavathi – Those who perform puja with alcohol and meat in Kali temples, are now doing the posthumous ritual and hair cutting of Thiyyars.
79) Kudumichetty – Servants of Konkinis
80 ) Papadachetty / Pandaram _ Papada making
81) Poopandaram – Flower sellers
82) Araya/ Dhivara / Mookaya/Mukua_ Those who catch fish from the sea
83) walen – Ferry man
84 ) Theyambadi Nambiar – Kalampat
85) Pulayar / Cheramar – Rice farming work
86) Pulluvar – Those who perform Kalampat in the Abode of Snakes(Sarppakkavu)
87) Paraiyar/ Sambava – Weavers of Muram, Kutta, Panambaya, Kaitolapaya
88)Kuruvan – tattooists and Palm reader
89) Kurichyars – Hunters with bow and arrow, do agriculture
90 ) Vettuvar – Those who spear fish in wild streams
91) Ulladar -Greater bandicoot rat hunters protect the crops by trapping the Bandicoot rat in the potato plantations.
92) Nayadi – Dog hunters and beggars
93) Paravan – Making house using different leafs and plants
94) Maruthavar / Pandits / Ambattan – Hair cutting clan occupation
95) Arundhathiyar / Tholkollan – Cobbler
96)Bhishvagvorar – who took up the clan profession of medicine in ancient times, later turned to trade
97) Vanika/Vaniya – Traders
98) Kattunaikar / Thenkurumar -honey gathering, medicine gathering, forest resource gathering, connected with the outside world, living in houses, speaking Malayalam language mixed with Kannada
99) Mullakurumar- hunting, honey gathering
100) Wayanad Pulayar / Mathapulayar – Agricultural work, perform the theiyakolam of Madhyama deities
101) Paniyar – agricultural work, kuttaneith and They perform an art form called vattakali
102) Vadukan/Vaduka – Buffalo cart traders/bullock cart carriers,
103) Kalanadis – Thirayattam performers
104) Kadar – They are making baskets using bamboo, and elephant bamboo. Murram weavers,
105) Valinchvan – Those who came from Israel and made fishing here as a means of livelihood,
106) Cholanaikar – Gathering of forest resources, alms, living in caves, no contact with the outside world
107) Adiyar/ Rawalar_ Agricultural work, speaks Rawla language, has an art form called Gaddika,
108) Mavilan – Some of the Theiyam performers, Malayalam language mixed with Tulu
109) Irula – Agricultural, speak Irula language
110 )Malapanikar – Practitioners of forest medicine
111) Pooyar – Forest Medicine and Forest Farming
112) Nambootiri Brahmins who performed various types of Yagadi Karmas, Vedic priests have different position names, Akitiripad, Somayajippad, Aditirippad, Bhattathiripad, Tirumulpad, the armed Brahmin.